Question: What Is Article No 21?

What is Article 21 life and liberty?

Article 21 guarantees the protection of life and personal liberty to every individual and states that, “No person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.” The true test of a democracy is how its laws stand with regard to the life and liberty of its people..

What is the right to life and liberty?

“Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness” is a well-known phrase in the United States Declaration of Independence. The phrase gives three examples of the unalienable rights which the Declaration says have been given to all humans by their creator, and which governments are created to protect.

Which article gives right marriage?

“The right to marry a person of one’s choice is integral to Article 21 (right to life and liberty) of the Constitution”, the Supreme Court said Monday and set aside a 2017 order of the Kerala High Court which annulled the marriage of Kerala Muslim convert girl Hadiya and Shefin Jahan.

Is Article 20 suspended during emergency?

Several salutary changes were made in the emergency provisions, the most significant of which was the amendment made to Article 359 to the effect that fundamental rights guaranteed by Articles 20 and 21 of the Constitution could not be suspended during emergency by a Presidential Order under Article 359.

Who can perform euthanasia?

One useful distinction is: Euthanasia: A doctor is allowed by law to end a person’s life by a painless means, as long as the patient and their family agree. Assisted suicide: A doctor assists a patient to commit suicide if they request it.

What does Right to Life state?

Article 2 of the Human Rights Act protects your right to life. This means that nobody, including the Government, can try to end your life.

What is the article of fundamental rights?

Article 12 to 35 contained in Part III of the Constitution deal with Fundamental Rights. These are: Right to equality, including equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, and equality of opportunity in matters of employment.

What does Article 21 say?

INTRODUCTION. Article 21 reads as: “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” … This right has been held to be the heart of the Constitution, the most organic and progressive provision in our living constitution, the foundation of our laws.

Can the right to life be limited?

The unlawful and arbitrary deprivation of life is never allowed. Like all rights in the Act, the right to life can be limited where it is reasonable and demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society based on human dignity, equality and freedom.

What are the 7 fundamental rights?

Seven fundamental rights were originally provided by the Constitution – the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, right to property and right to constitutional remedies.

What is right to equality?

The general principle of equality and non-discrimination is a fundamental element of international human rights law. ‘ Thus, the right to equal treatment requires that all persons be treated equally before the law, without discrimination. …

Does Article 21 include right to die?

In delivering its judgment, the Supreme Court held that the right to die with dignity is an intrinsic facet of the right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution of India.

What is the Article 20 and 21?

Article 20 gives protection in respect of conviction for offences. Article 21 gives the right to life, personal liberty and the right to die with dignity (passive euthanasia). Article 21A gives free education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years such manner as the State may, by law, determine.

What are the 4 types of euthanasia?

There are 4 main types of euthanasia, i.e., active, passive, indirect, and physician-assisted suicide.

What is Article 20 of the Constitution?

(1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a law in force at the time of the commission of the Act charged as an offence, nor be subjected to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of the commission of the offence.