Quick Answer: What Steps Does An Archaeologist Take To Investigate A Site?

What does an archaeologist do at a dig site?

Archaeologists usually dig test pits where the ground has not been farmed or plowed and it contains a lot of surface vegetation.

They may screen (sift) the soil to recover small artifacts and often draw profiles of the test pits to record what the soil looks like in each hole..

How do archaeologists investigate history?

Archaeologists locate and uncover sources of evidence of past peoples. … Archaeologists work to locate and then excavate artefacts and other sources of evidence. Once archaeologists have located a historical site that they think may contain important artefacts, it is roped off from the public.

What are the three basic stages of an archaeological study?

Generally speaking, most archaeological field investigations are a three-step process. These processes are known as Phase I (Identification), Phase II (Evaluation) and Phase III (Mitigation/Data Recovery). The major components of each archaeological phase are addressed below.

What degree is needed to be an archaeologist?

The minimum amount of education needed to work in the field of archaeology is a 4-year college degree (BA or BS). Usually archaeologists major in anthropology or archaeology. They also receive training in archaeological field and laboratory techniques.

How do you make excavations safe?

Battering the excavation sides – Battering the excavation sides to a safe angle of repose may also make the excavation safer. In granular soils, the angle of slope should be less than the natural angle of repose of the material being excavated. In wet ground a considerably flatter slope will be required.

What is a deep excavation?

Shallow excavations are defined as being anything less than 1.5 metres deep, which really is not very deep at all; a relatively short person could comfortably see over the top. Deep excavations, on the other hand, are defined as being any excavation which is more than 4.5 metres in depth – a considerable height indeed.

What methods do archaeologists use to find sites?

Instead, it leaves the buried archaeology for future generations when techniques of excavation might be even better.Google Earth. … LIDAR. … Drones. … Shallow geophysics. … Soil geochemistry. … Ground penetrating radar.

What are the methods of excavation?

There are number of excavation methods which are used for deep foundation construction such as full open cut method, bracing excavation, anchored excavation, island excavation methods,zoned excavation, top down construction methods etc. These excavation techniques are discussed.

What methods do archaeologists use?

Shovels, trowels, spades, brushes, sieves, and buckets are some of the more obvious or common tools that an archaeologist may carry with them to most digs. Keep in mind that the tool types used may vary depending on the type of excavation.

What are the steps involved in excavating an archaeological site?

Four Excavation Stages you should knowBackground Study. Determine the possibility of an archaeological site on the property by studying maps and historic records. … Property Assessment/Field Survey. Excavating test pits in grass or wooded areas, or walking a ploughed agricultural field to find artifacts. … Site Specific Assessment. … Mitigation.

What is Type D excavation?

201.11. 02 Type D – Common – Common material is all other excavation materials of a nature not included in the foregoing description of Type A, regardless of the nature or condition of the material, or the method used to excavate or remove.

What is manual excavation?

In construction terms, excavation is the process of removing earth to form a cavity in the ground. On small sites or in confined spaces, excavation may be carried out by manual means using tools such as picks, shovels and wheelbarrows.

What is excavation process?

Excavation is the process of moving earth, rock or other materials with tools, equipment or explosives. It also includes trenching, wall shafts, tunnelling and underground. It is the preliminary activity of the construction project.

How is Archaeology important?

The goal of archaeology is to understand how and why human behavior has changed over time. Archaeologists search for patterns in the evolution of significant cultural events such as the development of farming, the emergence of cities, or the collapse of major civilizations for clues of why these events occurred.

What are the three methods of excavation?

Excavation by MaterialTopsoil Excavation. As the name suggests, this type of excavation involves the removal of the exposed or the topmost area of the earth’s surface. … Rock Excavation. … Muck Excavation. … Earth Excavation. … Cut and Fill Excavation. … Trench Excavation. … Basement Excavation. … Dredging.